In the renewed system of Aratos Earth Observation Data Platform the Land Surface Temperature (LST) layer is added. Land surface temperature is the radiative skin temperature of the land derived from solar radiation. LST measures the emission of thermal radiance from the land surface where the incoming solar energy interacts with and heats the ground, or the surface of the canopy in vegetated areas.
Primarily, LST is a sufficient indicator of the phenomenon of Urban Heat Islands (UHI). Also, it can be used for monitoring vegetation water stress, assessing surface energy balance, detecting land surface disturbance and monitoring condition suitability for insect–vector disease proliferation.
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